What Are Wholesale Electricity Markets
What is the importance of wholesale pricing to retail buyers?
Do you know why the wholesale markets are important for a retail energy buyer? The pricing of retail electricity really depends a lot on the things that happen in the wholesale markets. You need to know how the market and pricing works in the wholesale scene in order for you to clearly understand what changes the long term and short term price movements so that you can make use of your purchasing strategy properly.
You should read this article in order for you to know how the wholesale prices are determined as well as the individual cost components. You should continue reading this article in order for you to know some of the biggest difference in the rules and market structures among ISO regions and states. After reading all of these, you will be able to understand the price movements and how you will be able to improve your energy management strategy using it.
You should take note that in a lot of markets, there are main factors to the price of wholesale electricity in a competent market.
The factors that you need to take note of are energy, capacity, ancillary services, and transmission congestion and losses.
The final price of the unit of electricity is known as the LMP or locational marginal price. Since there are costs connected to the transmitting of electricity from the source of generation to the location where it is being consumed, it is labeled as locational. The cost of the electricity consumed at a place and given time is being determined by the most expensive resource which is why it is referred to as marginal.
You also determine the wholesale pricing with the combination of some components.
You should also know that the retail energy purchase will be made under the bilateral agreements. But this article will actually focus more on the forward pricing which is key in determining the price for retail energy.
You also need to know that there is a designed auction process in order to match the supply of electricity and demand the lowest price point possible. The hourly demand will be predicted by the ISO that oversees the auction process. Take note also that each generator will provide a specific amount of generation capacity at specific prices into the market.
So that you will clearly understand the factors that are affecting the price of local electricity, you need to know the specific rules in your ISO region as well as the prices of wholesale electricity in your area. If you want to learn how you can get the best possible deals and contract terms, as well as know the other factors that will help you improve your management practices and electricity use, then you really need to be armed with all of this knowledge. Check out this site to know more about the wholesale electricity markets.